Natur und Landschaft

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Mikroplastik im Trinkwasser – Gesundheitsrisiko?

Die Weltgesundheitsorganisation (WHO) hat 50 aktuelle Studien zur möglichen Gesundheitsgefährdung durch Mikroplastik im Trinkwasser ausgewertet und dringenden Forschungsbedarf festgestellt. Der BUND kritisiert die vorläufige Schlussfolgerung, dass keine gesundheitlichen Risiken für den Menschen bestehen. Er verlangt, dass Leitungswasser regelmäßig auf Mikroplastik hin überwacht wird, und dass auch die Aufnahme von Plastik über die Atemluft untersucht wird.

Die Zeitschrift Ökotest hat kürzlich über eine aktuelle kanadische Übersichtsstudie berichtet, die im Juni in der Fachzeitschrift "Environmental Science and Technology" erschienen ist. Im Auftrag des WWF wurde eine Studie an der University of Newcastle zum Thema erstellt, die sich derzeit noch im Peer-Review-Verfahren befindet. 

 

22 August 2019 

News release

WHO calls for more research into microplastics and a crackdown on plastic pollution

The World Health Organization (WHO) today calls for a further assessment of microplastics in the environment and their potential impacts on human health, following the release of an analysis of current research related to microplastics in drinking-water. The Organization also calls for a reduction in plastic pollution to benefit the environment and reduce human exposure.

“We urgently need to know more about the health impact of microplastics because they are everywhere -  including in our drinking-water,” says Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Public Health, Environment and Social Determinants of Health, at WHO. “Based on the limited information we have, microplastics in drinking water don’t appear to pose a health risk at current levels. But we need to find out more. We also need to stop the rise in plastic pollution worldwide.”

According to the analysis, which summarizes the latest knowledge on microplastics in drinking-water, microplastics larger than 150 micrometres are not likely to be absorbed in the human body and uptake of smaller particles is expected to be limited.  Absorption and distribution of very small microplastic particles including in the nano size range may, however, be higher, although the data is extremely limited.

Further research is needed to obtain a more accurate assessment of exposure to microplastics and their potential impacts on human health. These include developing standard methods for measuring microplastic particles in water; more studies on the sources and occurrence of microplastics in fresh water; and the efficacy of different treatment processes.

WHO recommends drinking-water suppliers and regulators prioritize removing microbial pathogens and chemicals that are known risks to human health, such as those causing deadly diarrhoeal diseases. This has a double advantage: wastewater and drinking-water treatment systems that treat faecal content and chemicals are also effective in removing microplastics.

Wastewater treatment can remove more than 90% of microplastics from wastewater, with the highest removal coming from tertiary treatment such as filtration. Conventional drinking-water treatment can remove particles smaller than a micrometre. A significant proportion of the global population currently does not benefit from adequate water and sewage treatment. By addressing the problem of human exposure to faecally contaminated water, communities can simultaneously address the concern related to microplastics.

World Health Organization

 

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Peter Carstens (GEO, 08.02.2018)

 

26.08.2019